Daniel

{BACKGROUND AND STRUCTURE}
[Click on the title to open an article]
  1. History of Babylon - (Brief article outlining the history of Babylon from the International Bible Encyclopedia) 
  2. Introduction to Daniel - (The book of Daniel is a well-structured literary work, not a collection of folk stories and random visions) - {PDF Copy}
  3. Babel, Empire and Hubris - (The book of Daniel traces attempts at global empire to the Tower of Babel Incident) - {PDF Copy}
  4. The Land of Shinar - (The arrogant acts of Nebuchadnezzar parallel the story of the Tower of Babel from the book of Genesis) - {PDF Copy}
  5. The Lord of History - (The book of Daniel demonstrates the absolute sovereignty of Yahweh over the course of history and nations) - {PDF Copy}
{INSIDE THE WORLD-POWER}
  1. In the Imperial Court (Dan 1:1-21) - (God gave the kingdom of Judah into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar, but He also equipped Daniel and his companions for service in the court of Babylon) - {PDF Copy}
  2. The Dream of the King - (Daniel 2:1-49 - Only Daniel was able to reveal and interpret the troubling dream of King Nebuchadnezzar) - {PDF Copy}
  3. The King's Great Golden Image - (Daniel 3:1-30 - The king misapplies the dream given to him by God of a great image with a head of gold) - {PDF Copy}
  4. Downfall and Restoration of a King (Dan 4:1-37) - (The hubris of Nebuchadnezzar leads to his downfall and restoration by Yahweh) - {PDF Copy}
  5. The Head of Gold Shattered (Dan 5:1-31) - (The overthrow of the Babylonian kingdom according to the word of Daniel) - {PDF Copy}
  6. The Next Imperial Regime (Dan 6:1-28) - (Daniel in the Lions Den. An attempt to turn the new Medo-Persian regime against Daniel) - {PDF Copy}
{VISIONS OF DANIEL}
  1. Four Beastly Regimes - Vision - (Daniel 7:1-8 - In a dream, Daniel sees four beasts ascending from a chaotic sea) - {PDF Copy}
  2. The Bear and the Leopard - Identities - (Daniel 7:5-6 - In Daniel’s vision, how do we identify the second and third kingdoms, the “Bear” and the “Leopard”?) - {PDF Copy}
  3. The Fourth Beast - (Daniel 7:7-14 - The fourth beast becomes the main focus of the vision, especially its “little horn with a mouth speaking great things”) - {PDF Copy}
  4. Four Beastly Regimes - Interpretation - (Daniel 7:15-28 - Daniel receives the interpretation of his dream with a focus on the "Little Horn" that persecutes the saints) - {PDF Copy}
  5. Daniel's Vision in the New Testament - (The application of Daniel's vision of four beasts in the New Testament) - {PDF Copy}
  6. Time, Times, Half-Time - (The “war against the saints” endures only for a “time, times, and part of a time” - Daniel 7:25) - {PDF Copy}
  7. The Vision of the Ram and Goat - (Daniel 8:1-14 - Daniel dreams of a Goat overthrowing a Ram and the desecration of the Sanctuary) - {PDF Copy}
  8. Interpretation of the Ram and Goat - (Daniel 8:15-27 - Daniel receives the interpretation of his dream from an angelic source) - {PDF Copy}
  9. Seventy Weeks - Word of Jeremiah - (Daniel 9:1-2 - Daniel began to inquire into the promised end to the Babylonian Captivity that was recorded in the book of Jeremiah) - {PDF Copy}
  10. Prayer and Visitation - (Daniel 9:3-23 - After praying for the restoration of Israel, the angel Gabriel appears to explain the “vision” to Daniel) - {PDF Copy}
  11. Seventy Weeks - Six Redemptive Goals - (Daniel 9:24 - The interpreting angel outlined six redemptive goals to be achieved by the end of the "Seventy Weeks" ) - {PDF Copy}
  12. Seventy Weeks - The Word to Return - (Daniel 9:25 - The “word to return” that marks the start of the prophetic period refers to the original prophecy of the seventy-years captivity by Jeremiah) - {PDF Copy}
  13. The First Sixty-Nine Weeks - (Daniel 9:25 - The first sixty-nine “weeks” lay the groundwork for the tumultuous events of the final or “70th week” ) - {PDF Copy}
  14. After Sixty-Two Weeks - (Daniel 9:26 - A malevolent “leader” appears who corrupts the city and people, and “desolates” the sanctuary) - {PDF Copy}
  15. Final Week - The Abomination - (Daniel 9:27 - The final “week” of the prophecy includes verbal links to the other visions of Daniel, especially the “abomination of desolation”) - {PDF Copy}
  16. Final Vision - Introduction - (Daniel 10:1-21 - Daniel's final dream is introduced by a glorious angelic figure) - {PDF Copy}
  17. Persia Stirs Greece - (The conflict between Persia and Greece portrayed in the vision of the ram and goat is recapped and expanded in chapter 11 - Daniel 11:1-4) - {PDF Copy}
  18. The Arrogant King of the North - (The war between the kings of the “North” and “South” culminates in the rise of an arrogant ruler who persecutes the saints - Daniel 11:5-45) - {PDF Copy}
  19. The Son of Man in the New Testament - (The images of the “Son of Man” figure from Daniel are applied to Jesus and his “saints” in the New Testament  Daniel 7:13-14) - {PDF Copy}
  20. Two "Little Horns"? - (The “little horn” appears in two of Daniel’s visions – Is it the same figure in each case or two different individuals? - Daniel 7:7-8, 8:9-14) - {PDF Copy}
{TOPICAL STUDIES}
  1. The Start Date of the 70 Weeks - (Daniel coordinates the start of the Seventy Weeks prophecy with Jeremiah's predicted 70-years captivity in Babylon) - {PDF Copy}
  2. The Identity of the "Little Horn" in Daniel - (The "Little Horn" is a malevolent ruler who came from one of the four Greco-Macedonian kingdoms) - {PDF Copy}
  3. The Little Horn in the Book of Revelation - (Is the “little horn” from the book of Daniel found in the book of Revelation? Daniel 7:7-8) - {PDF Copy}
  4. Food Offered to Idols (Dan 1:8-16) - (The refusal of Daniel to eat food offered to the idols of Babylon becomes a model for the seven churches of Asia in their struggles with the Roman imperial cult) - {PDF Copy}
  5. The Desolating Abomination - Context - (Literary context is vital for understanding the “Abomination that Desolates” in the book of Daniel - Daniel 9:27) - {PDF Copy}
Neo-Babylonian Empire Map
Map:  Neo-Babylonian Empire

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