Showing posts with the label Seven Spirits

Seven Spirits of God

The opening salutation of the Book of Revelation is from “ He Who is ,” Jesus Christ, and the “ Seven Spirits of God .” The last phrase is unique to this Book in the Bible, and the idea of God having “ Seven Spirits ” creates theological difficulties since elsewhere Scripture stresses His absolute oneness. Moreover, in Revelation , the “ Spirit ” always speaks in the singular number, and never the plural.

Greetings from the Throne

The next paragraph in the Book of Revelation presents greetings to the “ Seven Assemblies of Asia ” from the “ Throne ,” namely, from God, Jesus, and the “ Seven Spirits of God .” The greetings stress the current reign of the Son of God over the affairs of the Earth, but his sovereignty is based on his past sacrificial death and resurrection. The recipients of the Book are identified as the “ Seven Assemblies ” located in key cities of the province.

The Throne

The vision of the “ Throne ” is the theological center of the Book of Revelation and sets the stage for the visions that follow it. In Chapter 4, John sees the Divine “ Throne ” and the “ One Who Sits on it ” reigning from the center of the Cosmos. In Chapter 5, he sees the “ slain Lamb ” take the scroll “ Sealed with Seven Seals ” from the “ Throne ,” an act followed by all creation declaring the Lamb “ worthy ” to break its seals and open the “ Sealed Scroll .”


The city of Sardis was situated approximately sixty kilometers south of Thyatira, near the crossroads between Smyrna and Pergamos, and commerce was vital to its economic and cultural life. Sardis is mentioned in Obadiah, with the name “ Sepharad ” being its Hebrew form (“ They of the captivity of Jerusalem who are in Sepharad shall possess the cities of the South ”).