Jesus Reigns on David’s Throne

SYNOPSIS - Jesus received all authority to reign on the Messianic Throne following his Death and Resurrection – Psalm 2:6-9

Throne - Photo by William Krause on Unsplash
Two key messianic psalms portray an ideal king destined to sit on the throne of David. Both prophetic passages are applied frequently and consistently to Jesus in the New Testament, and both are used to portray his exaltation following, and as a result of, his Death and Resurrection - Already the Messiah sits on the Davidic throne at the right hand of Yahweh with full sovereignty over the nations. - [Throne - Photo by William Krause on Unsplash].
  • (Psalm 2:6-9) - “Yet I have installed my king, — on Zion my holy mountain. Let me tell of a decree, — Yahweh hath said unto me, My son, thou art, I, to-day, have begotten thee: Ask of me and let me give nations as thine inheritance, and as thy possession the ends of the earth: Thou shalt shepherd them with a sceptre of iron, — as a potter’s vessel shalt thou dash them in pieces.” – (The Emphasized Bible).
  • (Psalm 110:1) - “Yahweh saith unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, Until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Yahweh promised that His anointed king would rule on His behalf on the throne of David. The New Testament applies this passage over a half dozen times to the present status of Jesus and places the commencement of his reign after his death and resurrection.

Preaching at a synagogue, the Apostle Paul declared that God had promised to raise up from David’s seed a man to be the king of Israel, a promise fulfilled in a “Savior, Jesus.” Though the Temple leaders conspired to have him executed, “God raised him from the dead,” just as it is “written in the second psalm, YOU ARE MY SON, THIS DAY HAVE I BEGOTTEN YOU.” As promised, Yahweh gave him “the holy and sure blessings of David.” “This day” in the Greek clause stresses the commencement of this reign at a specific point in time - (Acts 13:22-40).

Later, Paul wrote to the church at Rome how Jesus:
  • Was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, marked off as Son of God in power, according to a spirit of holiness, on the basis of a resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord” - (Romans 1:1-4).
He is Lord, Messiah, and the promised descendant of David. According to the Apostle, the event that marked the start of his reign was his resurrection.

The epistle to the Hebrews contrasts the “Son” with angels. As glorious as angels are--:
  • To which of the angels said he at any time, YOU ARE MY SON, THIS DAY HAVE I BEGOTTEN YOU?” – (Hebrews 1:1-6).
Already, he has “achieved the purification of sin and SAT DOWN ON THE RIGHT HAND of the Majesty on high.” As the “Son” and designated king, Jesus inherited a “more excellent name than the angels” - (Hebrews 1:3-55:5).

In its opening salutation, the book of Revelation declares Jesus as the “RULER OF THE KINGS OF THE EARTH” - present tense - and this status is based on his death and resurrection - “The faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead.” Consequently, he made his followers “a kingdom, priests to his God and Father” and he promises them:
  • Authority over the nations. And HE SHALL RULE THEM WITH A ROD OF IRON; AS THE VESSELS OF A POTTER SHALL THEY BE BROKEN TO SHIVERS: just as I received of my Father…I will give to him to sit down with me in my throne, as I also overcame and sat down with my Father in his throne” - (Revelation 1:4-6, 2:26-273:21, 5:10).
He is the long-promised Davidic king, the one “who was to RULE ALL NATIONS WITH A ROD OF IRON.” Christ is the “living one who became dead but is now alive forevermore and has the keys of death and of Hades.

He is the “Lion of the tribe of Judah” but he fulfills that role as the sacrificial Lamb. In the vision of the “Throne,” all creation declared the Lamb--:
  • Worthy to receive power, riches, wisdom, might, honor, glory, and blessing...To him that sits on the throne and to the Lamb be the dominion forever and ever” - (Revelation 5:5-12).
His Resurrection
He is the “root and offspring” of David who holds the Davidic keys of authority over “Death” and “Hades.” But it is Jesus as the sacrificial Lamb who receives complete authority to rule over the Cosmos and the nations, not a militaristic leader who slaughters his enemies - (Revelation 1:18, 3:75:5-12, 12:5, 22:16).

On the day of Pentecost, Peter stood up to preach his first sermon in Jerusalem after receiving the gift of the Spirit.  He declared to a crowd of Jewish pilgrims how--:
  • God had sworn with an oath that of the fruit of David’s loins he would set one upon his throne. Foreseeing this He spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that neither was he left to Hades nor did his flesh see corruption. This Jesus did God raise up…Being therefore by the right hand of God exalted and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured forth this that you see and hear. For David ascended not into the heavens, but he says, THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD, SIT ON MY RIGHT HAND TILL I MAKE YOUR ENEMIES YOUR FOOTSTOOL. Let all Israel know assuredly that God has made him both Lord and Christ” - (Acts 2:30-36).
The verbs applied by Peter are in the past tense - His exaltation occurred because of his Death and Resurrection. Even now, he reigns as Lord and Christ on the Heavenly Throne.

In Ephesians, Paul reminds us how God--:
  • Raised Jesus from the dead and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places…and has PUT ALL THINGS UNDER HIS FEET, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church” - (Ephesians 1:20-22).
To the Corinthians, the Apostle declared that Jesus has been raised from the dead and installed to reign:
  • He must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be abolished is death. For GOD PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET” - (1 Corinthians 15:20-26).
Jesus is the founder of our faith who endured the cross and “SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF THE THRONE OF GOD.” He achieved the “purification of sins,” therefore, he now reigns at God’s right hand, “angels and authorities and powers being made subject to him” - (1 Peter 3:22Hebrews 1:310:12-13, 12:2).

The New Testament tells a consistent story. Already, Jesus reigns over the nations at the “right hand of God” in his role as the Davidic king and Messiah. His exaltation is due to his obedience unto death, and to his consequent resurrection from the dead. This reign is not in the future but is a present reality. It is not limited to Jerusalem or to the old land territory of Israel; instead, he reigns from God’s throne over all nations and the entire Cosmos.


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