Law and Spirit

{THE PROMISED SPIRIT}
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  1. Abraham and the New Covenant - (With the ascension of Jesus, the gift of the Spirit arrived with blessings for all believers - The promise of Abraham) - {PDF Copy}
  2. The Life-Giving Spirit - (Promises of New Covenant and New Creation begin their fulfillment in the outpouring of God's life-giving Spirit) - {PDF Copy}
  3. The Spirit and the Last Days - (The outpouring of the Spirit on the Day of Pentecost marked the start of the last days) - {PDF Copy}
  4. Joel's Prophecy of the Spirit in the New Testament -  (The New Testament links the prophecy of Joel about the outpouring of the Spirit in the "last days" to the gift of the Spirit first given at Pentecost) - {PDF Copy}
  5. Having begun in the Spirit - (Galatians 3:1-4 - The receipt of the Spirit by the Galatians when they were yet uncircumcised demonstrates that God has accepted Gentile believers apart from the requirements of the Torah) - {PDF Copy}
  6. The fulfillment of the Feast - (Acts 2:1-4 - The outpouring of the Spirit marked the fulfillment of the Feast and the start of the church age) - {PDF Copy}
  7. Tarry in Jerusalem - {PDF Copy} - (Acts 1:1-11 - Jesus commanded his disciples to tarry in Jerusalem until they received the Spirit, empowering them to become his witnesses)
  8. Between Law and Spirit - {PDF Copy} - (Acts 1:12-26 - Between the ascension and the gift of the Spirit, the apostles tarried in prayer and appointed Matthias to complete their number)
  9. When Pentecost Arrived - {PDF Copy} - (Acts 2:1-4 - On the day of Pentecost, the long-anticipated time of fulfillment arrived when Jesus unleashed the Spirit of God )
{THE LAW - TORAH}
  1. The Controversy at Galatia - (An Overview of the problem and the argument of the letter to the Galatians) - {PDF Copy}
  2. Rescued from this Evil Age - (Paul anchored all that God has done in the past Death and Resurrection of Jesus, which inaugurated the messianic age) - {PDF Copy}
  3. Paul's Propositional Statement in Galatia - (Galatians 2:15-17 - Paul lays out the main issues) - {PDF Copy}
  4. Having begun in the Spirit - (Galatians 3:1-4 - The receipt of the Spirit by the Galatians when they were yet uncircumcised demonstrates that God has accepted Gentile believers apart from the requirements of the Torah) - {PDF Copy}
  5. Doing the Whole Law - (Anyone who is under the Law of Moses is obligated to keep all its required deeds and rituals – Galatians 3:10.) - {PDF Copy}
  6. Circumcision - A Cutting Issue - (With the new era inaugurated by Jesus, circumcision is no longer the sign of membership in the covenant community) - {PDF Copy}
  7. The Law's Jurisdiction - (According to Galatians, the jurisdiction of the Torah reached its termination point with the arrival of Jesus, the “seed” of Abraham) - {PDF Copy}
  8. Why, Then, the Law? - (Galatians 3:19-25 - Paul explains why God gave the Law and its provisional status) - {PDF Copy}
  9. Torah and Social Barriers - (Galatians 3:26-4:7 - Living under the Torah means inevitable social divisions) - {PDF Copy}
  10. Torah Keeping means a Divided Church - (Galatians 3:26-4:7 - The regulations of the Mosaic Law mean divisions between Jewish and Gentile believers) - {PDF Copy}
  11. Redeemed from the Law - (The Law was an interim stage with a termination point. Christian believers are no longer “under the Law,” instead, they are “in Christ” - Galatians 4:1-7) - {PDF Copy}
  12. Calendar Rituals - The Rudiments of the World - (Galatians 4:9-10 - The Law, Calendrical Observations, and the Fulness of Time) - {PDF Copy}
  13. Food and Calendar Codes - (Romans 14:1-5 - The Apostle appeals for tolerance over matters of food and calendrical observances) - {PDF Copy}
Columbia River Gorge - Photo by Elena Kuchko on Unsplash
Columbia River Gorge - By Elena Kuchko on Unsplash